Muslim cleric Sajid Rashidi urged people to protest against the Uniform Civil code

Muslim cleric Sajid Rashidi expressed concerns about the Uttarakhand cabinet’s endorsement of the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) report. He highlighted that the UCC’s implications would extend beyond the Muslim community, affecting all religions in India. Rashidi stressed the importance of unity and urged people to protest against the proposed code.

Understanding the Uniform Civil Code

The concept of a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) has been a subject of discussion and debate in India for several decades. It refers to the proposal of a comprehensive set of laws governing personal matters such as marriage, divorce, inheritance, and adoption for all citizens, irrespective of their religious beliefs. The idea behind the UCC is to replace the existing personal laws based on various religious traditions with a uniform set of laws that ensures equality and justice for all.

Historical Background:

The roots of the Uniform Civil Code debate can be traced back to the framing of the Indian Constitution. The framers of the Constitution, recognizing the diverse religious and cultural fabric of the nation, allowed for the continuation of personal laws based on religion. However, they also included Article 44 in the Directive Principles of State Policy, which states that “The State shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.”

Rationale for Uniform Civil Code:

  1. Equality and Justice:
    The primary argument in favor of a Uniform Civil Code is the promotion of equality and justice. The current system allows different religious communities to follow their own set of laws, often resulting in disparities in rights and obligations. A UCC aims to eliminate these disparities and provide a common legal framework for all citizens.
  2. Women’s Rights:
    One of the critical aspects of the UCC debate is its potential impact on women’s rights. Personal laws based on religious traditions often discriminate against women in matters such as marriage, divorce, and inheritance. Implementing a uniform code can help eliminate gender-based discrimination and empower women by ensuring equal rights and opportunities.
  3. Social Harmony:
    Advocates of the Uniform Civil Code argue that a common set of laws will foster social harmony by promoting a sense of unity and shared identity among citizens. It is believed that a UCC would contribute to the nation’s secular fabric and reduce the communal tensions that may arise from different personal laws.

Challenges and Opposition:

  1. Religious Concerns:
    One of the primary challenges to implementing a Uniform Civil Code comes from religious communities who view it as an infringement on their right to follow their own traditions and practices. Critics argue that personal laws are an integral part of religious identity and should be preserved.
  2. Societal Resistance:
    Implementing a UCC involves challenging deeply entrenched societal norms and practices. There is often resistance from conservative quarters who fear that a uniform code might erode cultural and religious diversity.
  3. Political Will:
    The lack of political consensus and will has been a significant obstacle in the implementation of a Uniform Civil Code. Successive governments have hesitated to address the issue due to the sensitivity surrounding religious sentiments.


The Uniform Civil Code debate in India encapsulates the complex interplay between religious diversity, individual rights, and the pursuit of a just and equal society. While proponents argue for the need to establish a common legal framework, opponents emphasize the importance of preserving cultural and religious autonomy. Striking a balance between these competing interests remains a formidable challenge, requiring careful consideration and a genuine commitment to the principles of equality and justice. The evolution of the debate will undoubtedly shape the future trajectory of personal laws in India.